VIDEO: Watch SIA 101.9: Declaration of Independence – Part IX (Video time: 49 minutes)

REQUIRED READING: Part One of Introduction to American Citizenship by Thomas L. Krannawitter, Ph.D.

Where there is a time mark, the answer is provided at the time indicated in the relevant podcast or video. Where there is no time mark indicated, the student should look up in a book or perform an Internet search for the term, person, or place.

  1. Secure
  2. Preamble
  3. Posterity
  4. Tranquility
  5. Ordain
  6. Constitution
  7. Realm
  8. Gadsden Flag


  1. What is the first premise of the Declaration of Independence? (2:00)
  2. The idea of self-government is contained within our human nature. True of False? (2:30)
  3. What is another way to say human equality? (2:59)
  4. What do you have a natural right to? (3:40)
  5. To whom do natural rights belong? (4:40)
  6. Building upon the idea of equal individual natural rights, what is the proper purpose of government? (5:20)
  7. What is the condition that must exist in order for government to be legitimate? (6:40)
  8. If citizens want to live freely, the purpose of government must be limited. True or False? (8:10)
  9. A government of limited purpose means a government of limited ___________________. (8:50)
  10. What would be a useful tool to help citizens limit the power of government? (9:45)
  11. Unlike the British Constitution, the U.S. Constitution is written document. True or False? (10:30)
  12. Did the original U.S. Constitution contain a bill of rights? (11:05)
  13. What is unusual about the U.S. Constitution? (11:30)
  14. Where in the U.S. Constitution are the ideas of equal individual natural rights contained? (11:40)
  15. What are the six purposes listed in the preamble of the U.S. Constitution? (12:50)
  16. The Constitution’s Preamble mentions the “Blessings of Liberty.” From where do blessings come? (14:00)
  17. Why is the origin of our liberty significant? (14:35)
  18. What comes first, equal individual natural rights or government? (15:28)
  19. Where does government get its power? (15:40)
  20. The U.S. Constitution creates a framework for a government. That government, in turn, will create what? (16:00 – 16:47)
  21. Why would citizens want government to make very few laws? (16:47)
  22. Would it make any sense to have a U.S. Constitution that exempts some people from the Constitution? (18:00)
  23. What ought citizens insist on from their Constitution? (18:40)
  24. What is the rule of law? (19:00)
  25. The laws passed by government limit what citizens can do. Should laws divide citizens and treat individual citizens differently? (20:00)
  26. Why is it wrong to have different laws for different groups of citizens? (21:05)
  27. The laws should have no categories that divide citizens into different groups and treat groups differently. True or False?
  28. What should citizens demand from their laws? (23:44)
  29. By limiting government power citizens acknowledge what two realms? (25:00 – 27:35)
  30. Under the original U.S. Constitution, the realm of privacy was quite large. True or False? (27:35)
  31. What citizen activities belong in the private realm? (27:45 – 34:59)
  32. The large realm of privacy was the source of what unprecedented human event? (34:59)
  33. What is the problem, or challenge, that comes with a large realm of privacy? (36:20)
  34. How do we solve that problem? (38:18)
  35. What are the four basic qualities of character (civic virtues) that each citizen ought to have in order to limit government and live freely? (39:00)
  36. The four civic virtues:
  37. Self-restraint – Why is this important? (39:18 – 48:35)
  38. Self-assertive – What does it mean to be self-assertive? (39:18 – 48:35)
  39. Civic Knowledge – What basic knowledge should every citizen know? (39:18 – 48:35) Why is this useful? (39:18 – 48:35)
  40. Self-reliant – What does it mean to be self-reliant? (39:18 – 48:35)
  41. What did the founders understand about wealth? (45:00)
  42. What idea from the founding helps citizens to be self-reliant? (46:17)
  43. The only type of government that can be a provider government is a very ________________ government. (47:20)
  44. Using your notes, summarize the conditions of freedom and the civic virtues each citizen needs to limit government and live freely.